Spanish Colonial Period
Governor Pedro de Peralta formally founds Santa Fe, moving the second capital of New Mexico from San Gabriel to the site of the new town.
Diego de Vargas leads a ceremonial reconquest of New Mexico in 1692. The following year Spanish colonists resettle New Mexico after a dozen years in exile in El Paso del Norte.
On 10 March 1706, Interim Governor Francisco Cuervo y Valdés officially founds Alburquerque. He takes the name from the Viceroy of New Spain, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva Enriquez, Tenth Duke of Alburquerque.
Two Franciscans, fray Francisco Atanasio Domínguez and fray Silvestre Vélez de Escalante, seek an overland route from Santa Fe to Monterey, California, exploring much of the Four Corners area of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona.
Zebulon Montgomery Pike leads an exploratory expedition to the Southwest to map the Red River. He and his party are captured in what was then northern New Mexico and taken to Santa Fe and Chihuahua before being released.