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Rael Family Genealogy
There is a branch of the Rael family of New Mexico that was founded by a man named Pedro Marcial Rael who was married with Ysabel Cedillo. This man was a natural son of Alonso II Rael de Aguilar. He may be the same person as Pedro Marcial López, a resident of Alameda, who was married with Ysabel Cedillo on 8 October 1730, Albuquerque (ONMF: 208).
The 1750 census of Santa Fe has this listing: "Marcial Rael; Ysabel; María; Manuel Paulín; three children" (Olmsted, SMCNM, 10).
Pedro Marcial's full name is given in a prenuptial investigation record for Lázaro Bartolo Rael, born circa 1745, son of Pedro Marcial Rael and Ysabel Cedillo (Chávez, NMR, 1526, DM 1764, April 25, no. 5, Tomé). Lázaro Bartolo Rael was seeking to marry Juana Paula Vallejo, born circa 1746, a daughter of Bernardo Vallejo and Francisca Silva.
Another son of Pedro Marcial Rael and Ysabel Sedillo was Manuel Paulín Rael who married Juana Catarina Ángel on 5 November 1753, Santa Fe, with Estevan Rodríguez (the son of the famed town crier of Santa Fe and military drummer of Governor Vargas, Sebastián Rodríguez) and Manuel Ortiz as witnesses. The marriage record for this couple does not name their parents. Both were identified as españoles. Four years later, Manuel Paulín Rael enlisted as a soldier of the Santa Fe Presidio in the place of his father on 1 April 1757. The military enlistment papers for Manuel Paulín identify his parents as Pedro Rael and Ysavel Cedillo. Manuel Paulín was twenty-two years of age (born about 1735 according to this record), 5' 3" tall, with reddish hair and eyebrows, heavy beard, blue eyes, and fair skin. He used a mark to sign his papers, rather than a signature. He was discharged from military service on 1 July 1779 (Olmsted, Spanish Military Enlistment, 53; SANM Roll 21, fr. 755).
Paulín Rael and Juana Catarina Ángel had twelve children who were baptized in the Church of San Francisco de Asis in Santa Fe between May 1755 and February 1783. Among their compadres were José Rael and Juliana Antonia Rodríguez (see baptism 1 September 1765, Santa Fe). Paulin's full name was given as Manuel Paulín Rael when he and Juana Catarina Ángel were the godparents for an orphan infant that was baptized in Santa Fe on 12 February 1764.
The 1790 census of Santa Fe provides some valuable information on Paulín Rael and Juana Catarina Ángel. He was described as being español, age sixty-one, indicating he was born about 1729. He gave his occupation as farmer. His wife, Juana Catarina, was described as being "color quebrado," broken color, indicating she probably had brown color skin as opposed to fair skin, and quite likely had some African or mulato lineage. Her age was listed as fifty-seven, indicating she was born about 1733. At the time of this census this couple had three sons, one daughter and one niece living in their household (Olmsted, NMSMCC, 69).
Pedro Marcial Rael (also known as Pedro Marcial López, a natural son of Alonso Rael de Aguilar died 10 April 1735, Santa Fe (ONMF: 263).
Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel
Sources: Fray Angélico Chávez, "New Mexico Roots Ltd.," 1526, DM 1764, April 25 (no. 5) Tomé; Virginia L. Olmsted, Virginia L. Olmsted, Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico 1750-1830, New Mexico Genealogical Society, Albuquerque, p. 10; Virginia L. Olmsted, New Mexico Spanish and Mexican Colonial Censuses, 1790, 1823, 1845, New Mexico Genealogical Society, Albuquerque, p. 69; Virginia L. Olmsted, 'Spanish Enlistment Papers of New Mexico 1732-1820," National genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 1, March 1980, p. 53; Archives of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe (AASF), Roll #15, Santa Fe Baptisms; AASF, Roll #31, Santa Fe Marriages.
RAEL de AGUILAR
Many records pertaining to the Rael de Aguilar family of New Mexico were located in both ecclesiastical and civil archives in Lorca, Spain. Copies of many of the ecclesiastical records can be viewed at the LDS Family History Center in Albuquerque.
Church records found at la Iglesia de San Mateo in Lorca for Alonso Rael de Aguilar (ONMF: 263) who came to settle in New Mexico during the Vargas period, document his baptism on 14 February 1661. In the margin was written "Alonso Jayme.” Alonso had six known siblings baptized at San Mateo church, and two more at San Patricio church in Lorca. Alonso's parents were Joan [Juan] Osca and Juliana Rael de Aguilar.
Also found at the church of San Mateo was a marriage record for Juan Osca and Agustina Gomes, dated 24 June 1642. From this record of Juan's first marriage we discover that his parents were Jaime de Osca and María de Figueroa. Thus, it was most likely for Jaime de Osca, Juan Osca's father, that Alonso was given the second name "Jayme."
Several civil documents located at the Archivo Municipal de Lorca reveal that Juan Osca was also known as Juan Osca y Alzamora. A dote, or dowry, for Ysabel de Osca has been located dated 21 October 1678 (Notarías, Protocolo no. 438, fol. 105r - 106v). In this document Ysabel is named as the daughter of Juan de Osca y Alzamora and Juliana Rael de Aguilar.
Richard Salazar found the testamento, or will, of Juliana Rael de Aguilar (Notarías, Protocolo no. 593, fol. 105r - 106v). In this document dated 24 April 1703, she names her parents as Juan Rael de Aguilar and Ana Soler y Riguelme. Her husband, Juan de Osca de Alzamora, was deceased by this time. Interestingly, she stated that her son, "don Alphonso de Osca Rael de Aguilar," was a resident of Parral de Indias.
A marriage record has yet to be located for Juan Osca and Juliana Rael de Aguilar. Further research will further clarify the ancestors of Juan and Juliana, parents of New Mexico's own Alonso Rael de Aguilar.
The following baptismal records provide an account of the children of Juan Osca and Juliana Rael de Aguilar:
Iglesia de San Patricio, Lorca, España
Bautismo 25 Septiembre 1653. Ysabel, hija de Juan Osca y de Juliana Rrael. Compadres: Pedro Cedejin Costajon
Bautismo 1 Diciembre 1655. Joan, hijo de Joan Osca y de Juliana Rael, su muger. Compadre: Pedro Cedexin Costaxon
Iglesia de San Mateo, Lorca, España
Bautismo 4 Noviembre 1657. Juliana, hija de Juan Osca y de su muger Juliana Rael de Aguilar. Compadre: Pedro Cehexin Castejon
Bautismo 24 Marzo 1659
Joseph Cayetano, hijo de Juan Osca y su muger Juliana Rael de Aguilar. Compadres: don Pedro Cedehin Castejon
Bautismo 14 Febrero 1661. Alonso [Jayme], hijo de Joan Osca y de su muger Juliana Rrael de Aguilar. Compadres: don Joan de Chaves y su hija Joana de Chaves
Bautismo 31 Mayo 1663. Joana Catalina, hija de Joan Osca y su muger Juliana Rael de Aguilar. Compadres: don Joan de Chaves y Monzon y doña Joana de Chaves y Monzon, su hija
Bautismo 23 Sep 1665, nació 10 Sep 1665. Antonio, hijo de Joan de Osca y de Juliana Rrael. Compadres: Joan de Chabes y doña Joana de Chabes, su hija
Bautismo 25 Sep 1665, nació 10 Sep 1665. Francisco, hijo de Joan de Osca y de Juliana Rrael. Compadres: Joan de Chabes y doña Joana Pareja
Bautismo 23 Aug 1667. Laurencia Antonia, hija de Joan de Osca y de Juliana Rrael, su muger. Compadres: Joan de Chabes, rrexidor, y doña Joana Josefa de Chabes, su nieta
Researchers: J. Richard Salazar and Robert D. Martínez for the Sephardic Legacy Project of New Mexico, Dr. Stanley Hordes, Director. Submitted by Robert D. Martínez
Sources: Cited in text.
Pedro Marcial Rael, perhaps the same person also known as Pedro Marcial López (ONMF: 208) was a natural son of Alonso Rael de Aguilar (II). This Alonso Rael de Aguilar was first married with Tomasa Montoya and then with Melchora de Sandoval.
In a deposition dated 15 July 1750, Santa Fe, regarding the lawsuit filed by the legitimate children and heirs of Alonso Rael de Aguilar and Tomasa Montoya against their step-mother, Melchora de Sandoval, Pedro Marcial Rael declared he was forty-two years old (born circa 1708), a soldier of the Santa Fe Presidio. In one statement he declared that his father had left twenty pesos in silver to his second wife, Melchora de Sandoval. Another statement reads “the witness [Pedro Marcial Rael] declared that the property of his deceased father, Alonso Rael de Aguilar…"
In refuting the deposition of several witnesses, Julián Rael de Aguilar, a legitimate son of Alonso Rael de Aguilar and Tomasa Montoya recorded these two statements: "Regarding the second witness Pedro Marcial Rael, he has always been hateful to me in such manner……" and “as a natural son of Alonso Rael, he is the enemy of us who are legitimate children…"
Researchers: Alfonso Sánchez, Antoinette Durán Silva and José Antonio Esquibel.
Source: Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Series I, no. 31.
Information courtesy of José Antonio Esquibel, from the website, Beyond Origins of New Mexico Families.