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Juan and Domingo Lujan

There is confusion over Juan Lujan, Juan Lujan viejo, Domingo Lujan, and their relationships to each other. This article examines possibilities such as brothers, brothers-in-law, father/son, etc.


On 12 August 1662, Juan Luján, el viejo (ONMF: 63), "vecino y alcalde mayor de La Cañada," gave his age as sixty, indicating he was born circa 1602.

Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel

Sources: AGN, México, Galería, Concursos de Peñalosa, Vol. I, f. 95a & 211. Microfilm copy of rolls #1-3 (Vols. I-III) of the "Concursos de Peñalosa" located at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.


Domingo Luján (ONMF: 63-64) was married with Ynés Martín Serrano by 1679. This couple resided at Guadalupe del Paso area where their daughter, Gertrudis (identified as española) was baptized on 20 April 1680. The child’s madrina was María Martín Serrano.

Researchers: Walter V. McLaughlin and John B. Colligan

Sources: Walter V. McLaughlin, Texas Western College, August 1962 (University of Texas at El Paso Library); and John B. Colligan, "Spanish Surnames Found in the First Book of Baptisms of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe del Paso del Río del Norte."


Fray Angélico Chávez mentioned that Juan Luján II was referred to as El Viejo in relation to another Juan Luján (ONMF: 63). Chávez suggested the two were father and son, but did not have documentation to confirm this relationship. In May 1663, while providing testimony to authorities of the Office of the Inquisition, Diego Romero mentioned “dos hermanos” named Capitán Juan Luján and Juan de Archuleta. Juan de Archuleta was married with María Luján (ONMF: 6), daughter of Juan Luján II. As such, the brotherly relationship referred to by Romero was that of brothers-in-law, confirming that Capitán Juan Luján was a son of Juan Luján II.

The elder Luján, Juan Luján II, also held the rank of Capitán and in 1661 gave his age as sixty, indicating he was born circa 1601. In February 1659, he was described as a vecino of the jurisdiction of La Cañada. The younger Juan Luján was alcalde mayor of the jurisdiction of La Cañada in 1661 and provided testimony on 29 October of that year as part of the investigation of the Inquisition regarding Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal. The younger Luján declared he was forty-two years of age, indicating he was born circa 1619.

On 15 May 1661, testifying at the Pueblo de Senecú in the case against Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal, fray Antonio de Tavares, age thirty-two, mentioned the name of Capitán Juan Luján, but it is unclear whether he was referring to the elder or the younger Luján. In his testimony, Tavares described Capitán Juan Luján as “mestizo amulatado” and identified him as alcalde mayor of the Picurís area. During his tenure as governor of New Mexico (1659-1661), don Bernardo López de Mendizábal appointed Capitán Juan Luján as alcalde mayor del los Teguas, which referred to the jurisdiction of La Cañada. It is unclear whether the elder or younger Luján was appointed to the position.

In the same case, Miguel de Noriega, a vecino of Mexico City living in Santa Fe (former secretary of Governor López de Mendizábal) referred to “Juan Luján, mestizo, vecino de la Cañada.” Again, it is unclear if the reference is to the elder or younger Luján.

The references to Juan Luján as mestizo support other references found by fray Angélico Chaves indicating that either the first Juan Luján, who came from the Canary Islands to New Mexico in 1600, or his son, married an Indian. The first Juan Luján settled in La Cañada by October 1601, according to his own testimony given at the Pueblo de San Gabriel on 5 October 1601.

Capitán Juan Luján, the younger, may very well be the same man known as Capitán Juan Luis Luján (ONMF: 62) who was married with Isabel López del Castillo. This couple had a daughter, Ana María Luján, who was born circa 1660, and a son, Pedro Luján, that was born circa 1669. In 1681, Capitán Juan Luis Luján provided information that gives his estimated year of birth as sometime between 1615-1621, and in 1689 he gave his age as seventy to eighty  (1619-29). Additional research is needed to confirm if he is indeed the same person as Capitán Juan Luján, son of the elder Juan Luján

Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel

Sources: AGN, Galería, Concurso de Peñalosa, Tomo I, ff. 141 & 211, and Tomo III, Leg. 1, no. 1, f. 95 and Leg. 1. no. 2, f. 6; AGN, Inquisition, t. 593, ff. 46 & 96; Hammond and Rey, Vol. II, 733-34; Fray Angélico Chávez, “New Mexico Roots,” 1101 (DM 1689, Oct. 22 (no. 4). El Paso del Norte for Pedro Luján and Francisca de Salazar, and 1379, DM 1660, May 30 (no. 8), El Paso del Norte for Juan López Olguín and Ana María Luján.